U.S. Employee Laws
Assembled by Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD
(For information about employee laws in Canada, see the Human Resources Development Canada website.)
This section of the library provides miscellaneous information which may be helpful as an overview of various aspects of business law in the United States of America. Businesses designing personnel policies should obtain advice from an attorney specializing in the area of employee laws. Businesses requiring legal advice regarding potential or current litigation should seek counsel from an attorney.
Note that employees laws apply the same to for-profit and nonprofit organizations.
Sections of This Topic Include
Learn More in the Library’s Blogs Related to this Topic
In addition to the articles on this current page, see the following blogs which have posts related to this topic. Scan down the blog’s page to see various posts. Also see the section “Recent Blog Posts” in the sidebar of the blog or click on “next” near the bottom of a post in the blog.
Brief Overview and History of Various Employee Laws
There are a variety of federal laws, executive orders, etc. regarding the selection and treatment of individuals in the workplace. Most notable are federal laws established by the Employee Law — Civil Rights Act of 1964
. designed to ensure equal employment opportunity (EEO). Numerous EEO guidelines are intended to provide equal opportunities without regard to race, religion, origin, sex, age or disability. The guidelines also established requirements for affirmative action, specifying that employers had to take proactive measures to ensure equal opportunity to certain protected groups. Various other laws are designed to ensure safety in the workplace, fair pay standards and fair treatment of employees providing military service.
The following brief, historical overview might give the reader some initial perspective on employee laws
Information on Federal Labor Laws and Their History